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About district

Bereza district is situated in the south-west of the Republic of Belarus in the central part of Brest region
.
Bereza district occupies the territory of 1,4 thousand square kilometers. Its extreme parts are: the Selets reservoir in the north, Bolshye Leskovichi village in the south, Vishnevichi village in the west and Lake Sporovskoye in the east.
It borders on Ivatsevichi district in the north and north-east, Ivanovo district – in the east, Drogichin district – in the south, Kobrin district – in the south-west, Pruzhany district – in the south. They are all in Brest region. The border goes through the Yaselda River, the Zhigulianka River and the Vinets Channel.
The highway Moscow-Brest and the railway line Moscow-Warsaw, the most important ones in Belarus, pass through the district. So, it has an advantageous economic and geographical position.
Bereza district is situated in the west of the East- European Plain within the eastern part of Podliasko-Brest tectonic hollow and western part of Polesye saddle. The surface of the district is a flat swampy water-glacial plain with the total slope from north-west to south-east. The prevalent altitudes of the area are 150-160 metres. The highest hill of the district is Bronnaya Gora (189 m). The lowest area is located in the south-east of the district in the flood-lands of the the Yaselda River (1389 m).

The district is rich in non-metallic minerals. Chalk mining, sand-gravel materials mining, silicate and building sand mining, clay mining are taken place here. There are peat and brown coal deposits too.
Inside waters belong to the Dnieper. The longest river of the district is the Yaselda River with its tributaries called the Vinets, the Zhigulianka, the Krechet, the Khotova. Lake Chornoye (Black), Lake Sporovskoye, Lake Beloye (White) are in the south-east of the district, the Selets reservoir – in the north. The soils are peat-podzol and peat-swampy. Swamps occupy 20% of the district. The total area of the lands is 75,1 thousand hectares, 60,1 thousand hectares of which are agricultural lands, including 36,8 thousand hectares of arable lands. There are 23,3 thousand hectares of hayfields and ploughed fields. There are different kinds of soils in the district: clay and loamy soils (1,1%), sandy-loam soils(46,8%), sandy soils (25,4%), peat-swampy soils (26,7%).
Bereza district is located in the zone of mixed forests. There are 2 biological reserves here: Sporovsky Reserve and Buslovka. They are of republican importance.
The centre of the district is Bereza. The population of the district is
64 217 people (dated January 1, 2015), including 42 106 town dwellers, 22 111 countrymen.
Besides Belarusians who make up 88,6% , there are Russians – 7,6%, Ukrainians – 2,1%, Poles – 1,4% and other nationalities – 0,3%.
 Bereza district consists of 2 towns, Bereza and Beloozersk , and 109 villages. There are 11 rural local councils and 1 town council (in Beloozersk) on the territory of the district.